A Wild Dog takes to the air!

A Wild Dog takes to the air!

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Months ago I was tickled to receive a request from Dora and Vaughan in Zambia for artwork, to transform their Britten Norman Islander into a flying wild dog!

Of course I said Yes!  What else would I say…

imageI did rough artwork, which looked doggy enough!

front view

This project ticks all my boxes:

*It is public and interactive art, (loving street art and graffiti as I do…)

*It is art that will stimulate discussion and promote tourism and conservation awareness in Southern Africa

*It is art that will indirectly but meaningfully support community development in a Zambian Game Management Area

*It is art in celebration of my favorite animal, the African Wild Dog!

The Islander will fly between Kantunta Lodge, a unique and beautiful spot on the great Kafue river, and Livingstone.

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katuntaKafue Wild Dogs….

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So, a few months later, here we are on the runway at Executive Air, Charles Prince Airport, in Harare…..towing the unsuspecting Islander to her painting hanger…

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Javinos, the master spray painter at Executive Air, has matched a beautiful semi-metallic gold for the first coat of  the Britten Norman Islander..

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We complete the first masking, using thin masking tape, torn brown paper and torn strips of wide masking tape, allowing for the wonderful semi-metallic golden coat colour, and saving for the striking white markings that so many of our Zimbabwean and Zambian dogs have…

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Javinos and I have been high on a scaffold masking the tail, and I have been on my back on a mechanic’s trolley underneath the plane masking the tummy area. Quite a task. (I want her tummy to look as good from underneath as her sides do…)

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Javi does all the bigger areas I have marked-the tail being a special challenge…eventually wrapping the plane totally in brown paper, like a little boy’s dream present! Hard work for the team!

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Javinos starts spraying smoothly from tail to nose tip…two coats of deep dramatic gold on each side of our wild dog plane.

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I can’t wait to eventually unwrap her, but we have to let her first colour dry for more than 24 hours to be sure the base colour is well set for the next masking session by Javi and I …Patience is a virtue…Hunter, the Hanger Cat, hangs out on a tractor seat and waits with us….

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At last, I am able to mask for the black areas…This next masking is a two day marathon…

I have to do lots of CAREFUL planning of the black patches in our dogs coat, thinking about the lie of the fur- (and fondly remembering the gorgeous silky feel of a real wild dogs coat when I helped Clive and Graham remove a wire snare from the neck of our female dog ‘Snare”.….)

I lay torn masking tape strip by strip to get the effects I want (hopefully), and the plane looks like a huge golden parcel – no detail to be seen under the gold spray and the masking!

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The tail masking is very involved…

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Then comes the jet black spray coat. Javi works on high, and Rob Demblon and I plan the flying flag of the dog’s tail!

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Black spray painting done…

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The masking comes off…a long and careful process,

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So exciting, as the dramatic black and white doggy shapes emerge out of the gold…

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We have done a softer gold colour on dogs head and neck – looks perfect!

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the tail looks magnificent!

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I have allowed nice large eyes for our wild dog since she is a girl…!

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Choosing a gorgeous deep red background for the eyes, I want them real, but DRAMATIC!…

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revealing the eye, very pleasing…

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Thrilling….

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and I am happy with the nose as well….

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What a great effort by Javinos, spray painter par excellence!DSC_0024 lo res

Our wild dog exits the spray painting hanger, ready for her next adventure…

 

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She’s off to the main hanger for her final fittings….

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The plane is owned by four lodges: Kaingu, Kantunta, Konkamoya and Mukambi.

Check out SafariTalk for more on the lodges…

The main flying routes will be Lusaka – Chunga, and Livingstone – Ngoma/Chunga. But it will be available for other routes (Lufupa for J&M Safaris) and Busanga for the plains camps. On demand it will also be available for other routes on a charter basis.

The owners of “Wild Dog” are involved in the Kafue Conservation Hub , which seeks to develop the Kafue National Park through a sustainable development strategy that incorporates social and economic development with environmental sustainability. The greater Kafue National Park is one of Africa’s last remaining great wildlife wildernesses. So she is going to have many many adventures……

Kafue Conservation Hub

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Tracker Dogs in Gonarezhou, protecting our elephants…

Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge has a wonderful variety of elephant sightings to offer guests…
From the Lodge and room balconies we often see these gorgeous animals crossing the great Save River….often with tiny babies helped along through deep water by Mum’s or Auntie’s trunk…

One of my sketches, elephants seen on the Save river bank….

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In Gonarezhou National Park (GNP), Zimbabwe, elephant poaching needs to be carefully monitored and managed, since we have seen increased losses of elephants to poachers throughout Zimbabwe.

We want to see the sun keep rising on our elephants, here on the great rivers of Gonarezhou…

Stunning light in this photo by Steph Walton…on the sands of the Save River…….

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Frankfurt Zoological Society has decided to deploy tracker dogs in the field, to track down poachers and help combat elephant poaching.
Edward Hlatshwayo, Promise Kanuka, and Daison Hlelelwa successfully completed a challenging training course, and are now the first three professional dog handlers specialized to track down poachers in Zimbabwe. All three originate from communities adjacent to Gonarezhou. They have formed a great team with dogs Roxy and Samy.
https://fzs.org/en/news/anti-poaching-dogs-introduced-gonarezhou-nationalpark/

Daison Hlelelwa (with Samy) and Edward Hlatshwayo (with Roxy)

Daison Hlelelwa (with Samy) and Edward Hlatshwayo (with Roxy)

 

Excerpts from the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area newsletter:

“Gonarezhou’s elephant population is doing well, management is tackling the potential threat of poaching head on. The budding ranger corps is growing and growing; rising stronger every day to the challenge of protecting Zimbabwe’s iconic wildlife.

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Already, over half of neighbouring Mozambique’s elephant population has been lost in the past five year. Furthermore, the 2014 Pan-African elephant survey revealed a 40% and 70% reduction in elephant numbers in the Mana Pools and Sebungwe Areas of Zimbabwe. Yet, the Gonarezhou National Park (GNP) has shown a 130% rise in elephant numbers during the same period.

Unfortunately, poachers seem to be turning their gaze to this protected area. In 2015 more poached elephants were encountered than ever before, though management cautions that this rise can be partly attributed to increased patrols by more rangers, who are better skilled than ever.

The potential threat is not being taken lightly. Patrol strategies are constantly being adapted and the Mozambique Border Unit was deployed in December 2014, operating from two permanent bases close to the border. The following year saw the implementation of a deployment system which allows for the entire western boundary to be patrolled on a daily basis by dedicated Fence Units on foot and on bicycle. They are now also able to operate from ranger pickets that have been constructed over the last two years. A Quick-Reaction Unit has also been formed, and was assigned a dedicated vehicle. They are now able to support the units on the park boundaries.

Much effort has also been spent on ranger recruitment and training. Out of 200 prospective applicants, 22 students from five communities surrounding the park completed a training course at the dedicated training camp established in the centre of the park in 2015. They are reported to be of the best calibre yet, which was proven when they arrested eight poachers and recovered 15 pieces of ivory as well as snares, skins and dried meat while on patrol exercises during the course. The total number of cadets employed now stands at 62.

Further strength is being lent to the cadets by a newly established canine unit. With support from the Save the Elephants’ Crisis Fund (and training by Invictus K9), two canines from proven blood-lines were hand-picked from a specialist breeder in Europe and shipped to Gonarezhou in July 2015. They will primarily be used to track poacher spoor in the field. The elongated shape of Gonarezhou means that virtually at all times one is within 20 to 30 km from one of the boundaries at all times, making it easy for poachers to exit before the rangers can reach them.

The conditions in Gonarezhou –with regards to terrain, distances and temperatures are all very challenging, and the next few months will tell whether the canine unit will be able to impact significantly on law enforcement success in the park. In order to maximise that probability, two months of follow-up and advanced training will be conducted in 2016.

The routine support of the Gonarezhou Conservation Project (GCP) to law enforcement patrols continued throughout 2015, with timely supply of fuel and rations for patrol deployments, vehicle maintenance and aerial support and surveillance.

With the support of the International Rhino Foundation, a third repeater station and antenna was purchased, and a mast has been constructed. This will consolidate park-wide digital radio communication.

Elephants cross the Runde river below Chilojo Cliffs……

elephants crossing the Runde river -lo res

extra reading on various conservation initiatives using tracker dogs:

Panthera -using dogs to save cats!

Richard Bonham article on tracker dogs and Big Life:

https://biglife.org/on-the-ground/dogs-save-elephants-big-life-s-tracker-dogs

Lewa Conservancy and tracker Dogs
http://www.lewa.org/wildlife-conservation/security/

various FZS stories from Gonarezhou:
https://fzs.org/en/projects-2/current-projects/gonarezhou-conservation-project/news-stories/

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An amazing mollusk: the Giant African Land Snail, revered totem of the Chauke Clan…

I love sketching the shells of these snails, so sculptural….

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Achatina fulica is a species of land snail in the family Achatinidae, known commonly as the  giant African land snail.

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Wikipedia says:

Outside of its native range this snail thrives in many types of habitat in areas with mild climates. It feeds voraciously and is a vector for plant pathogens, causing severe damage to agricultural crops and native plants. It competes with native snail taxa, is a nuisance pest of urban areas, and spreads human disease. This snail is listed as one of the top 100 invasive species in the world!!! Native to East Africa, it has been widely introduced to other parts of the world through the pet trade, as a food resource, and by accidental introduction.

Achatina fulica shell

Achatina fulica shell

 

I have a very different view of this beauty, an artist’s and naturalist’s view, seen here photographed by me at Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge, in its home range- in the lowveld of Zimbabwe, where it fits so aptly into its environment…

this fabulous creature has a persian carpet mantle……

gorgeous texture

gorgeous texture

a quizzically stunning face….

Stunning face...

Stunning face…

a glowing multi-hued shell…..

gorgeous snail by Andre Botha

gorgeous snail -Photograph by Andre Botha

and a rich history in the folklore and current clan beliefs of the Chauke Changana clan in our area. (Check out my next blog for THAT lovely story!)

Meanwhile, thinking sex (why not!), here is my awesome photo of two snails mating , taken on the footpath at Chilo on a rainy day….

mating snails, photo by Lin Barrie

mating snails, photo by Lin Barrie

 

This species is a simultaneous hermaphrodite; each individual has both testes and ovaries and is capable of producing both sperm and ova. (Instances of self-fertilization are rare, occurring only in small populations). They have intriguing mating behaviour, including petting their heads and front parts against each other. Cute! Courtship can last up to half an hour, and the actual transfer of gametes can last for two hours.

I watched these two for over an hour, and after mating these two just crawled away…

after the courtship..

after the courtship..

 

Transferred sperm can be stored within the body for up to two years. The number of eggs per clutch averages around 200. A snail may lay five to six clutches per year with a hatching viability of about 90%.

hatching snails...

hatching snails…

Juvenile snails are tiny, easy and tasty prey for any bigger animals…

tiny achatina......

tiny achatina……

 

If they are lucky, dult size is reached in about six months, after which growth slows, but does not cease until death. Life expectancy is commonly five or six years in captivity, but the snails can live for up to ten years.

adult snail and baby

adult snail and baby

The giant African snail is capable of aestivating for up to three years in times of extreme drought, sealing itself into its shell by secretion of a calcerous compound that dries on contact with the air.

They are active at night and spend the day buried underground.

Is snail slime the next big thing in skincare? ….please don’t tell me that collagen-enhancing mucus is set to be a super-ingredient in mainstream cosmetics……they say the mucus is extracted and the snails live to tell the tale, but I hear it involves salt…hmmmmm.

And the latest facial massage in Russia is delivered by giant snails…

facial snail trail....

facial snail trail….

And of course, as much as Achinata likes to consume precious crops…

strawberry eater

it is also considered deliciously edible by various people…

devilled snail...

devilled snail…

Except by the local Xangana people, amongst whom the snail is honoured.

The Chauke Clan rever the Giant snail as their clan “totem”….never to be harmed.

 

Posted in adventure travel, Africa, African child, African flora, African Safari, african wildlife, art, art exhibition, baobab, beauty, bio diversity, bush camps, Chilo Gorge, Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge, conservation, conservation education, cooking, culture, eco-tourism, edible plant, fire, flowers, food, food culture, gardens, gardens and flowers, gonarezhou national park, great limpopo transfrontier conservation Area, Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park, landscape, Lin Barrie Art, Machangana culture, molluscs, mozambique, photography, Rivers, Save River, Save Valley Conservancy, slow food, wetlands, wilderness, wildlife trade, zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Parks | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cleome by any other name would taste as sweet…..good ‘slow’ food at Chilo Gorge!

Beautiful Cleome Gynandra is growing fast in our Gonarezhou area with the recent rain.

Cleome gynandra

Cleome gynandra

Thomas Mutombeni, head guide at Chilo Gorge, says:

“it is a food plant, the leaves of which the Shangaans cook and eat like spinach. Shangaans call it bangala while the Shona refer to it as nyevhe. Common names include Shona cabbage, African cabbage, spiderwisp, and cat’s whisker.!”

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The leaves are taken off the plant individually, leaving the whole plant to continue growing…This is a “weed” of cultivation, growing in sandy areas on abandoned village sites within the Gonarezhou National Park, in disturbed places, along road sides ….

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All the women of the village, and our staff from Chilo Gorge Lodge, are rushing to harvest it.

harvesting..

harvesting..

Collecting with great delight, everyone looking forward to tasty  relish with their next meal…

Happy chilo staff

Happy chilo staff

freshly harvested leaves

freshly harvested leaves

Thomas and I had some cooked with a touch of peanut butter, for our dinner, Yum! and then tried it cooked straight, oil and salt, pungent and delicious. The chefs then got creative and produced a plateful cooked with garlic!

Now much of it will be blanched and dried, to supply tasty food to numerous families throughout the next few months…

even the leaf stalks are tasty...

even the leaf stalks are tasty…

Very rich in vitamins, it is a great health food.

Postscript: the gorgeous Cleome species we see around us are perhaps not edible…don’t try any till you check with a botanist such as Bart Wursten..on his Flora of Zimbabwe website…

Species of Cleome grow in the rocky areas of Chilo gardens…exquisite flowers…

Here is Cleome macrophylla……..

gorgeous Cleome macrophylla, photograph by Bart Wursten

gorgeous Cleome macrophylla, photograph by Bart Wursten

A Cleome by any other name might NOT taste as sweet…….!?

Posted in adventure travel, Africa, African flora, African Safari, beauty, bio diversity, bush camps, Chilo Gorge, Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge, community conservation, conservation, conservation education, conservation news, cooking, culture, eco-tourism, edible plant, education, flowers, food, food culture, gardens, gardens and flowers, gonarezhou national park, great limpopo transfrontier conservation Area, Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park, home grown food, homegrown, landscape, organic slow food, sharing, slow food, taste, travel, treasure, wilderness, zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Parks | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

“That Lonely Thorn Tree” revisited…where to from here for African rhinos?

In 2008, my story “That Lonely Thorn Tree” was published by Dr Clarissa Pinkola Estes, (she who wrote that awesome book, Women Who Run With The Wolves”…).

SADLY, not much has changed since I wrote this story (reproduced in bold type below) in 2008- we still lose rhinos in the ongoing tide of greed surrounding their horn…more blogs (and updates from the Lowveld Rhino Trust) to follow!

Clarissa wrote then:

“That Lonely Thorn Tree”:

An Asian Obsession Funds Killing in Zimbabwe
http://themoderatevoice.com
 
December 3rd, 2008 
By DR. CLARISSA PINKOLA ESTÉS, Assistant Editor.
From Lin, who is trying to survive in Zimbabwe. Along with others on that patch of earth, with few resources, defending against men with rifles who lust for money offered by those who sell, not cocaine, not opium, but another addictive substance: rhino horn…..
Her story arrived in my mailbox via a friend who has been to Zimbabwe many times, and knows Lin and her husband, Clive…
“That Lonely Thorn Tree”


by Lin Barrie


Tuesday 11th November, 2008.

Sometimes the hardest stories to write are the very ones that need desperately to be told,
no matter the difficulties of trying to balance emotion and fact…
Ice, the five year old daughter of Natalia, was gunned down in broad daylight yesterday.
Her mother was shot to death last year….
No, these are not family members of ours, although they are as important– these are two of the many precious black and white rhinos we have lost in the Save Valley Conservancy in Zimbabwe over the last few years.
At nine thirty am on Monday the 10th, automatic rifle fire was heard by the pump house attendant on Arda Ranch, neighbouring Senuko Ranch in the Conservancy.
George Hulme and his scouts mobilized a field search to discover what they could, as did the Senuko scouts. Hours of tracking and backtracking led them onto at least six different sets of recent spoor-all illegal poachers and itinerants on Arda. They came across a freshly butchered impala in a snare and picked up numerous wire snares in their ongoing search…..
Clive, after having had no choice but to spend an infuriating morning in his office trying to manage pressing money, staff and administrative issues, all the while with his heart out there in the bush with the scouts and his distracted mind running through all the possible terrible scenarios, eventually managed to escape paperwork and meetings and traversed the Arda area in the afternoon.
Before running out of light, he found himself standing over a young buffalo, newly strangled in a snare. Probably one of the very large, tame herd of over 200 animals that we are privileged to have drinking at our water hole nightly…
Nothing conclusive was found regarding the rifle shots that day.
A total of two zebra, two buffalo and three impala, all dead in wire snares, were found by the search team.
 Clive came home with a murderous look in his eye…
Frustrated and deeply pessimistic about what he would find, Clive went out again early today, Tuesday, and began to systematically work out where the shots were heard from and triangulate back to areas where he knew the habitat was suitable for Black rhino…
Knowing that Sarah, a mature female who was the first Black rhino born on the Conservancy, had been seen in this area with a young calf, his dread was that he would find her, the “flagship rhino” of the Conservancy, poached and her calf dead, abandoned or mutilated….
Joined by his son Glenn and the Senuko scouts, shortly before midday they had discovered spoor of a running rhino, overlaid with blood spots and yet again overlaid by human tracks.
Within 800 metres they came upon the grisly murder scene, a female rhino crumpled onto her chest near a lone thorn tree, legs buckled under her and her face obliterated by the hacking cuts of the poachers who had removed her horns after mowing her down with automatic fire.

No sign of a calf……..and the poachers long gone on the next leg of their journey to pass the horn on to couriers who would then spirit it across the border.
Was this Sarah? She looked to be a young animal and Clive took note of her ear notches, of which Graham Connear, the Conservator, has records, enabling identification of each individual rhino.
Coming home saddened and distraught, Clive rested himself for half an hour and then we drove to meet Mark Brightman and Graham Connear on the boundary road between Senuko, Hammond and Arda, together with details of Support Unit and Chiredzi police whom Mark had picked up.
Graham confirmed that, from the ear notch data, this was not Sarah who was killed but Ice, a young female, who had not yet been known to have a calf.
Small consolation-this was not beloved Sarah, and I could see that register in Clive’s eyes, but this was still an irreplaceable loss-a young female who could have borne many babies in her lifetime. She was the daughter of Natalia, who herself was killed by poachers last year.
We drove into thorn scrub and when we reached the clearing with the one lone tree, where her body lay, I subdued my emotions, clambering out of the vehicle with heavy heart to take photographs, to sketch and to try to understand the process of what had happened in this lonely space under a thorn tree; the last breaths of a rare and special animal, the triumphant antics of the killers who had chopped out the object of their greedy desire, her horn.

'ICE' poached -Nov 2008

‘ICE’ poached -Nov 2008

Her open, staring eyes and intact ears were all that was left of her face, the rest a gaping hole of tattered flesh and busy flies. Apart from the carnage of her face, her body had been attacked… the horn poachers, or perhaps some others who had followed, had flayed sheets of skin off her forequarters and rump and buttocks to harvest meat in large quantities, leaving exposed, sun-darkened flesh, and her pathetic tail hanging intact. She lay chest down, legs crumpled beneath her, one eye hardened and sun scorched, the other eye unglazed, still seeming almost aware, protected as it was in the shade of her head.

Poor Ice....

Poor Ice….

With subdued and sad murmurings the team set to work to photograph her ear notches, locate bullet wounds and check the two microchips implanted at different times, once when she was dehorned*** last year and before that, when she was ear notched as a very young rhino.
All the while I squatted in front of her and drew her poor sad head, my mind determinedly in numb mode and my fingers moving the pencil automatically to record the tragic mess.
Graham and Mark located and followed bullet tracks with the metal detector, whilst the rest of the team cut, pushed and pulled the body as necessary to enable them to retrieve the bullets-five in all they found-two in her fore quarters and lung and three in her intestines.

the end of Ice....

the end of Ice….

The team then decided to return to where they had originally picked up her running tracks yesterday and to back track from there until they found the place where the poachers had initially confronted her. They all departed. I remained.
As silence descended I climbed onto the bonnet of the cruiser, parked under the same thorn tree that Ice lay under. As I lay there staring up through the branches into a clouded and bird less sky, I listened to the buzzing of the flies attending to the feast, smelt slow whiffs of her as yet untainted flesh, and began to let myself mourn this tragic waste, this terrible tribute to greed.
After what seemed like hours of weeping slow tears through closed eyes, drifting in and out of stressed sleep, listening to distantly approaching thunder and the twittering of Little bee eaters arriving to hawk flies at the carcass, letting my surroundings absorb me, I eventually opened my lids and stared straight up into gathering grey cumulus clouds.
Vultures had arrived. A wheeling vortex of more than forty circled, the closest, a White backed vulture, soaring at tree height over me and the furthest I could see being nearly invisible, pepper-grain specks against the massed clouds high above. A strange and enlightening sensation– I felt as if I was the object of their intent as the first bird whistled at speed in to perch on a neighbouring thorn tree, and pretended to preen busily eyeing me all the while.

This image by Andre Botha seems to capture that mood....

This image, (thanks to  Andre Botha) seems to capture that mood….

I pursued my depressed thoughts, while the vulture waited and watched…no others came down, staying high aloft-were they awaiting a signal from the first? The wind freshened to a stiff breeze, scattered raindrops fell and the Vulture, buffeted about on a flimsy branch, gave up and flapped silently away. If I had not been there would they have all descended to begin their task of clearing up the remains of Ice? Perhaps the lateness of the afternoon and the threatening lightening also put them off…
European bee eaters arrived en masse, briefly dipping and chirruping above me as they picked flies out of the air and then, as quickly as they had arrived, they were gone again.
I pondered so many things lying there under that lonely tree-
–the inability of our follow ups to secure convictions of known poachers,
–the desperate need for information which could be served by being able to offer a reward to informers and scouts,
–the dearth of effective scout bases and lack of presence on the ground in vulnerable areas,
–the sheer inability of paying and feeding the extra staff needed to mount more intensive patrols and follow ups….
Dusk began to fall under that lonely thorn tree, and voices betrayed the slow steps of the returning trackers. They had found the place in thick scrub where the poachers had discovered Ice dozing peacefully, had sneaked closer, disturbed her so that she panicked and fled a short way, to stand and short-sightedly search the air for the cause of her alarm as is the wont of Black rhinos. While she stood there, undecided, confused and vulnerable, they opened murderous fire on her. Ten cartridge shells were found on that killing ground.
Then, mortally wounded, she ran until she could run no more and, giving up, she collapsed under that lonely tree……..
We have lost over 30% of our breeding female Rhinos to poaching in the Save Valley Conservancy and the statistics of losses country wide are no more encouraging…….
The African Wild Dog population in the Conservancy has been very badly impacted by snaring as has every other species of game such as Impala, Kudu and Wildebeests-even Giraffes and Elephants have fallen foul of indiscriminate snaring methods……Where to from here?

This oil painting of mine, on canvas, is titled “That Lonely Thorn Tree”,  in response to that sad sad day……

That Lonely Thorn Tree

That Lonely Thorn Tree, by Lin Barrie

CODA
*** dehorned; this is a practice of removing the horn of the Rhino surgically, literally with a chainsaw, thereby saving the rhinos from poachers. The horn grows back. One wonders why poachers don’t develop their own herd of rhinos and harvesst the horns every year.
See below, from “Dehorning Black Rhinos,” by Brice Eningowuk
Dehorning black rhinos helped save them from extinction in the early 1990s from poachers because the armed guards patrolling the National Parks did not prove to be effective. Another way to preserve the rhino is to find substitutes for the horns.
Black rhinos, also known as the hooked-lip rhino, were poached mainly for their horns in the early 1990s, which led to the rhinos near extinction. The black rhino once roamed the extent of Africa’s sub-continent. Now the rhinos are primarily found in Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Nimibia and Zimbabwe because of the demand for the horns. The rhino population has declined in those countries from 65,000 in the 1960s to 25,000 today (Rhino, Internet).
Rhino horns are used for pharmaceutical and ceremonial reasons in countries such as China, Taiwan, South Korea, and Thailand (Rhino, Internet).
Rhinos are also hunted for other reasons besides their valuable horns. The skin is used for skin disease, the bones are used for bone disorders, the blood is used for women with menstrual problems, and the penis is used as an aphrodisiac (Tudge, 1991, 34).
The main importing countries of rhino horn include South Korea, China, Thailand, and Taiwan. In 1987 China paid about $16,000 per kilogram, in 1988 South Korea paid $4,410 per kilogram, in 1990 Taiwan paid $4,221 and Thailand paid $10,284 per kilogram of horns (Rhino, Internet).
The Chinese have been using rhino horns for medical purposes for about 2,000 years to make remedies for flu, fever and convulsions (Tudge, 1991, 34). Chinese studies have shown that rhino horns reduce fevers in lab rats, but rhino horn does not compare to aspirin (Tudge, 1991, 38).
In Yemen the horns are carved into ceremonial dagger handles, also known as a jambiya, that men acquire after reaching manhood (Johannesburg, 1997). The country of Yemen imports 1,500 kilograms of horn each year, about half of which is used to fashion the dagger handles. Dagger handles would not seem to be a practical use because the horns are composed of hard protein and keratin compounded by hair, but when the horns are polished, they look like grained, dark, translucent, amber (Tudge, 1991, 34).
Dehorning is one method to prevent poachers from shooting a rhino. Dehorning, the process of removing the front and rear horns of a rhino (Wright, 1991, 36), is a simple procedure, although only trained professionals are allowed to practice it because of the safety for both the rhino and veterinarian. If the safety of both the rhino and the veterinarian is low, it is pointless to dehorn if the species is harmed (Atkinson, Internet). For maximum safety, veterinarians tranquilize the rhino with a tranquilizer dart fired from a rifle with the correct dosage for the size and weight of the rhino. Two veterinarians then use a handsaw or a chainsaw to cut just above the rhino’s snout to remove the horns. The veterinarians coat the remainder of the horn with tar to prevent infection. After the dehorning process there is a regrowth of the horn, so the process has to be repeated every 12-18 months (Atkinson, Internet).
The rhino is not harmed during or afterwards and no side effects have been reported (Atkinson, Internet).

Posted in Africa, African child, African Safari, African wild dogs, african wildlife, african wildlife conservation fund, animal rights, anti poaching, art, beauty, bio diversity, Birdlife Zimbabwe, birds, Black rhinos, bush camps, clive stockil, community conservation, conservation, conservation education, conservation news, conservation publication, eco-tourism, education, endangered species, International rhino foundation, lewa conservancy, Lin Barrie Art, Lin Barrie publication, Lowveld Rhino Trust, lowveld rhino Trust, Poaching, safari, Senuko, Uncategorized, zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Parks | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Long distance flyers honour us with their gentle presence for a few months of our wilderness year…

Falco amurensis breeds in South Eastern Siberia and Northern China

Here at Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge, we watch these gentle raptors wheel in their dozens, sometimes hundreds, above our decks….chasing the seething masses of flying ants that erupt with good rains…this year is different…
Poor rains, less flying ants…will our Amurs leave earlier than normal for their far away breeding grounds in Siberia and China?

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An Amur falcon is about the size of a Merlin, but is even more stunning! The female of the species has a slate-colored back and a heavily-spotted underside. The male has a slate-blue back and a solid, slate-colored breast. Both sexes show an orange-ish bill and eye-ring, and of course, both male and female, show bright reddish feet! This species is a summer visitor to southern Africa from its breeding grounds in northern and eastern Asia. Throughout the day in most grassland habitats you can see loads of these falcons hover-hunting for grasshoppers and other large insects.

Female Amur falcon

Female Amur falcon

Amur falcons brave mass capture in nets to migrate yearly from their breeding grounds to Southern Africa……

The Amur falcons start their annual migration from south-eastern Siberia and Northern China to Northeastern India, and roost in Nagaland and some adjoining Assam districts before leaving for southern Africa where they spend the winter. The most amazing part of their flight is the three-and-a-half days non-stop flight across the Arabian Sea.
Amur Falcons would arrive from Mongolia, Siberia Northern China and Japan, would stay in Wokha district and adjoining areas for about two months, and then take off for South Africa. Netting for food was a huge problem as seen from the excellent video above….

Birds on the wire!!!!! (Photo: Ramki Sreenivasan/Conservation India)

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Now, the admirable conservation efforts of the people of Nagaland, more particularly of Wokha district have brought them laurels, and the department of posts agreed to release a special postal cover to mark the conservation effort.

Three falcons were fitted with satellite-tracking chips in 2013, two being named Pangti and Naga – Pangti being one of the first Wokha villages to have initiated the conservation programme.

amur migration route

Interestingly, while the birds make a cycle of 44,000 kms annually from Siberia, through Nagaland to southern Africa, they take a different route during their return journey, touching Maharashtra and Gujarat.

People in Wokha district in Nagaland, now drop their nets and instead prepare to not only welcome the avian visitors, but also hundreds of tourists and bird-watchers from different parts of the globe. “People in Wokha have set up home-stay facilities for tourists and bird-watchers. Till four years ago many people were killing the birds for their meat. But today not a single bird is touched,” said Bano Haralu, journalist-turned-conservationist whose NGO Nagaland Wildlife and Biodiversity Conservation Trust (NWBCT) is among several groups that have ensured that the birds are safe in Nagaland.

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Posted in adventure travel, Africa, african wildlife, animal rights, bio diversity, birding, Birdlife Zimbabwe, birds, Chilo Gorge Safari Lodge, chilojo cliffs, community conservation, conservation, conservation education, conservation news, culture, endangered species, gonarezhou national park, Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park, Hunter gatherers, hunting, insects, landscape, predators, prey, travel, Uncategorized, wilderness, wildlife trade, Zimbabwe Parks | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cozumel and manatees, turtles

Kelli and Anton cruise the Caribbean as a start to their married life….

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A life on the ocean sounds romantic, but they are going to be a support for each other under tough working conditions!

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Long hours and constant guest care are not for the faint hearted- but these two have staying power….!

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Here is a guest blog from the Allure of the Seas….a different world!
http://www.royalcaribbeanblog.com/2016/02/26/allure-of-the-seas-live-blog-day-6-cozumel

Cozumel, a mostly undeveloped Mexican island in the Caribbean Sea, is a popular cruise ship port of call famed for its scuba diving.

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At Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park, divers can explore a section of the Mesoamerican Reef and Museo Subacuático de Arte’s submerged sculptures.

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Chankanaab is an eco park surrounding a lagoon with underwater caverns, home to dolphins, manatees and sea turtles.

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Cozumel is fortunate to play host to thousands of sea turtles coming ashore to nest each year.

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Posted in adventure travel, African child, animal rights, beauty, bio diversity, Caribbean travel, conservation, conservation news, cruise ships, culture, endangered species, Florida Keys, Iguanas, landscape, manatees, Mexico, pelicans, travel, turtles, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment